The Six Paramitas (Perfections)
The Sanskrit word paramita means to cross over to the other shore. Paramita may also be translated as perfection, perfect realization, or reaching beyond limitation.
Through the practice of The Six Paramitas, we cross over the sea of suffering (samsara) to the shore of happiness and awakening (Nirvana); we cross over from ignorance and delusion to enlightenment.
The Tibetan Incantation Om Mani Padme Hum with its six syllables perfect the Six Paramitas of the Bodhisattvas.
“The mantra Om Mani Pädme Hum is easy to say yet quite powerful, because it contains the essence of the entire teaching of The Six Paramitas.
“Om” helps you achieve perfection in the practice of generosity – Dana Paramita.
“Ma” helps perfect the practice of pure ethics – Sila Paramita.
“Ni” helps achieve perfection in the practice of tolerance – Kshanti Paramita.
“Päd”, the fourth syllable, helps to achieve perfection of perseverance – Virya Paramita.
“Me” helps achieve perfection in the practice of concentration – Dhyana Paramita.
“Hum”, the sixth syllable helps achieve perfection in the practice of wisdom – Prajna Paramita.
So in this way recitation of the mantra helps achieve perfection in the six practices from generosity to wisdom. The path of these six perfections is the path walked by all the Buddhas of the three times. What could then be more meaningful than to say the mantra and accomplish the six perfections?”
The six syllables purify the six realms of existence in suffering.